COMPARING PREDATOR ABUNDANCE AND FISH DIVERSITY IN MPA SITES KORNATI NP, CROATIA AND ADJACENT SITES EXPLOITED BY FISHERIESReportar como inadecuado




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Croatian Journal of Fisheries : Ribarstvo, Vol.70 No.Supplement 1 January 2012. -

Fishing activities and other anthropogenic influences have direct and indirect effects on fish community structure. One expectation may be that with increasing fishing pressure and decreasing size selectivity of fisheries all predator populations decline and consequently fish assemblages change. Comparisons of MPAs with unprotected areas are considered valid natural experiments to test hypotheses on how predation structures communities. Here we report on the use of a lure-assisted visual census in the Central Croatian Adriatic to assess and compare fish assemblages in MPA sites Kornati NP with adjacent unprotected sites. We detected a significant protection effect on mesopredator abundance and overall fish diversity-richness and that protection status explained a significant portion of the fish assemblage variability, all independent of additional predictor variables, like habitat and depth. As we continue to expand the spatiotemporal scale and magnitude of the approach, we hope that it will eventually provide us with a long-term data series needed for testing many hypotheses in coastal ecology, including the effects of MPAs, coastal development, fishing and global climate change on the species interactions, abundance, diversity and assembly of animal species across multiple spatial scales.

Croatian Adriatic; Marine Protected Area MPA; lure assisted visual census; fish community



Autor: Claudia Kruschel - ; Department of Maritime Science, University of Zadar, Pavlinovića bb, 23000 Zadar, Croatia Stewart T. Schult

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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