Participatory Methods in the Georgian Caucasus: Understanding Vulnerability and Response to Debrisflow HazardsReportar como inadecuado




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Assessment and emergencyplanning to cope with disaster risks are usually founded primarily on expertevaluations, in part because local governments and public bodies mainly financethe recovery activities. Local communities affected by disasters are scarcelyreally involved in the processes of information collection, problem analysis,or design of emergency plans.However, the development of good practices forincorporating local people’s knowledge into disaster risk management, known asCommunity-Based Disaster Risk Management CBDRM, is becoming more common.Scientific communities increasingly realize the importance of local knowledge,though in Georgia this is still uncommon. Georgiafaces frequent natural disasters and threats to its fragile ecosystems causedby unsustainable natural resource management and agricultural practices,improper infrastructure and urban development, as well as by innate geologicaland climatic factors. In this context, the lack of communication between localcommunities and public administrations is absolutely deleterious. The articleanalyzes the effectiveness of participatory methods and tools for bettercomprehension of people’s vulnerability and responses. Fieldwork in mountainareas of Caucasus involved local communities to investigate the directparticipation of local people in Disaster Risk Management and assess theiravailability and interest to engage in hazard mapping and risk responses.

KEYWORDS

Participatory Methods, PGS, Debrisflow, Vulnerability, Local Knowledge, Cyber Tracker

Cite this paper

Spanu, V. , Gaprindashvili, G. and McCall, M. 2015 Participatory Methods in the Georgian Caucasus: Understanding Vulnerability and Response to Debrisflow Hazards. International Journal of Geosciences, 6, 666-674. doi: 10.4236-ijg.2015.67054.





Autor: Valentina Spanu1*, George Gaprindashvili2,3, Michael Keith McCall4

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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