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The objective of the study is to understandthe relationship between HIV status, fertility and utilisa-tion of maternalcare services in India using the NFHS 2005-2006 data. The mean number ofchildren ever born a measure of fertility is substantially higher amongHIV-negative women than among the HIV-positive women 2.8 and 2.1respectively. Ten-year age specific fertility rates ASFR were calculated,there is no noticeable difference in pattern of ASFR between HIV-positive andHIV-negative category of women observed though the ASFRs were substantiallylower among the HIV-positive women. The total fertility rate TFR amongHIV-positive women 0.84 is substantially lower at one third of the TFR amongHIV-negative women 2.78. The proportion of HIV-positive pregnant womenutilising ANC services is 92 percent compared to 78 percent among HIV-negativewomen, who have alive birth during the 5-year preceding the survey. Similarly,the proportion of HIV-positive women 67% delivering their babies in an institutionis also much higher than among HIV-negative women 40%. This study concludesthat the effort of the government to integrate ART services with maternity careservices is likely to have benefited the HIV positive mothers.

KEYWORDS

HIV-Positive, Total Fertility Rate, Reproductive Health, NFHS

Cite this paper

Jayachandran, V. , Sahu, D. , Rajaram, S. and Pedersen, B. 2015 Does HIV Status Affect Utilization of Maternal Care Services among Women in India: An Analysis of NFHS 2005-2006. World Journal of AIDS, 5, 105-112. doi: 10.4236-wja.2015.52013.





Autor: Vasudevan Jayachandran1, Damodar Sahu2, Subramanian Rajaram3, Bo Pedersen4

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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