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Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the degree of information provision to children with brain tumors, factors influencing this provision, and the relationship between this provision and psychosocial consequences. Methods: A total of 157 parents completed a questionnaire on the degree of information provision to their children and sociodemographic and medical characteristics. Parents and their children completed subscales of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory PedsQL Cancer Module. Relevant factors were investigated using ordinal logistic regression analysis and compared with PedsQL scores by degree of information provision with adjustment for age. Results: The majority of children aged 2 - 4 years received a low level of information only in regard to medical procedure and preparation. The majority of children aged 5 - 11 years were provided information regarding disease symptoms and treatment, but not actual diagnosis. Approximately half of children aged 12 - 18 years were provided detailed information including their actual diagnosis. Older children generally received more information regarding their disease odds ratio OR = 1.3 per 1 year old, P < 0.001, while children with intellectual disability received less OR = 0.2, P = 0.006. The provision of information did not worsen scores for Procedural Anxiety, Treatment Anxiety, Worry, or Communication. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report on the degree of information provision to children with brain tumors. Parents of children with brain tumors in Japan provide information dependent on age and intellectual level. The disclosure of information to children regarding their disease might affect their trust of medical and health care professionals.

KEYWORDS

Adolescent, Brain Neoplasms, Child, Quality of Life, Truth Disclosure

Cite this paper

Sato, I. , Higuchi, A. , Yanagisawa, T. , Mukasa, A. , Ida, K. , Sawamura, Y. , Sugiyama, K. , Saito, N. , Kumabe, T. , Terasaki, M. , Nishikawa, R. , Ishida, Y. and Kamibeppu, K. 2015 Parent’s Perceived Provision of Information Regarding Diagnosis to Children with Brain Tumors. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 451-464. doi: 10.4236-ojn.2015.55048.





Autor: Iori Sato1, Akiko Higuchi1,2, Takaaki Yanagisawa3, Akitake Mukasa4, Kohmei Ida5, Yutaka Sawamura6, Kazuhiko Sugiyama7, Nobuhito S

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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