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This study was designed to investigatewhether fixation on the items to be remembered provided a beneficial effect onspatial working memory. A spatial working memory task based on the Corsi blockstask was assigned to 24 participants 12 men, 12 women; M age = 21.5 yr., SD =1.3, range = 18 - 24 who were later asked to recall a sequence of targets inforward and backward order. When participants were asked to memorize thesequence while maintaining fixation on each target, both beneficial anddisruptive effects were found in the recall performance for backward recall,but not for forward recall. Results suggest that some memory processes thatproceed without fixation on the presented items are more important for backwardrecall.

KEYWORDS

Corsi-Like Task, Eye Movement, Serial Recall, Short-Term Memory

Cite this paper

Oi, Y. , Ikeda, Y. , Okuzumi, H. , Kokubun, M. , Hamada, T. & Sawa, T. 2015. Fixation Effects on Forward and Backward Recall in a Spatial Working Memory Task. Psychology, 6, 727-733. doi: 10.4236-psych.2015.66071.





Autor: Yuhei Oi1*, Yoshifumi Ikeda2, Hideyuki Okuzumi1, Mitsuru Kokubun1, Toyohiko Hamada1, Takashi Sawa1

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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