Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum: Cardiac Findings in Patients and Abcc6-Deficient Mouse ModelReport as inadecuate

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Pseudoxanthoma elasticum PXE, caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene, is a rare multiorgan disease characterized by the mineralization and fragmentation of elastic fibers in connective tissue. Cardiac complications reportedly associated with PXE are mainly based on case reports.


A cohort of 67 PXE patients was prospectively assessed. Patients underwent physical examination, electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging CMR, treadmill testing, and perfusion myocardial scintigraphy SPECT. Additionally, the hearts of a PXE mouse models Abcc6−-− and wild-type controls WT were analyzed.


Three patients had a history of proven coronary artery disease. In total, 40 patients underwent exercise treadmill tests, and 28 SPECT. The treadmill tests were all negative. SPECT showed mild perfusion abnormalities in two patients. Mean left ventricular LV dimension and function values were within the normal range. LV hypertrophy was found in 7 10.4% patients, though the hypertrophy etiology was unknown for 3 of those patients. Echocardiography revealed frequent but insignificant mitral and tricuspid valvulopathies. Mitral valve prolapse was present in 3 patients 4.5%. Two patients exhibited significant aortic stenosis 3.0%. While none of the functional and histological parameters diverged significantly between the Abcc6−-− and WT mice groups at age of 6 and 12 months, the 24-month-old Abcc6−-− mice developed cardiac hypertrophy without contractile dysfunction.


Despite sporadic cases, PXE does not appear to be associated with frequent cardiac complications. However, the development of cardiac hypertrophy in the 24-month-old Abcc6−-− mice suggests that old PXE patients might be prone to developing late cardiopathy.

Author: Fabrice Prunier , Gwenola Terrien, Yannick Le Corre, Ailea L. Y. Apana, Loïc Bière, Gilles Kauffenstein, Alain Furber, Arthur A



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