Biosynthesis of UDP-GlcNAc, UndPP-GlcNAc and UDP-GlcNAcA Involves Three Easily Distinguished 4-Epimerase Enzymes, Gne, Gnu and GnaBReportar como inadecuado




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We have undertaken an extensive survey of a group of epimerases originally named Gne, that were thought to be responsible for inter-conversion of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine UDP-GlcNAc and UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine UDP-GalNAc. The analysis builds on recent work clarifying the specificity of some of these epimerases. We find three well defined clades responsible for inter-conversion of the gluco- and galacto-configuration at C4 of different N-acetylhexosamines. Their major biological roles are the formation of UDP-GalNAc, UDP-N-acetylgalactosaminuronic acid UDP-GalNAcA and undecaprenyl pyrophosphate-N-acetylgalactosamine UndPP-GalNAc from the corresponding glucose forms. We propose that the clade of UDP-GlcNAcA epimerase genes be named gnaB and the clade of UndPP-GlcNAc epimerase genes be named gnu, while the UDP-GlcNAc epimerase genes retain the name gne. The Gne epimerases, as now defined after exclusion of those to be named GnaB or Gnu, are in the same clade as the GalE 4-epimerases for inter-conversion of UDP-glucose UDP-Glc and UDP-galactose UDP-Gal. This work brings clarity to an area that had become quite confusing. The identification of distinct enzymes for epimerisation of UDP-GlcNAc, UDP-GlcNAcA and UndPP-GlcNAc will greatly facilitate allocation of gene function in polysaccharide gene clusters, including those found in bacterial genome sequences. A table of the accession numbers for the 295 proteins used in the analysis is provided to enable the major tree to be regenerated with the inclusion of additional proteins of interest. This and other suggestions for annotation of 4-epimerase genes will facilitate annotation.



Autor: Monica M. Cunneen, Bin Liu, Lei Wang, Peter R. Reeves

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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