Bone Mineral Density, Bone Turnover Markers and Fractures in Patients with Systemic Sclerosis: A Case Control StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

The aim of our study was to elucidate the pathophysiology of systemic sclerosis-related osteoporosis and the prevalence of vertebral fragility fracture in postmenopausal women with systemic sclerosis SSc.

Methodology

Fifty-four postmenopausal women with scleroderma and 54 postmenopausal controls matched for age, BMI, and smoking habits were studied. BMD was measured by dual energy-x-ray absorptiometry at spine and femur, and by ultrasonography at calcaneus The markers of bone turnover included serum osteocalcin and urinary deoxypyridinoline. All subjects had a spine X-ray to ascertain the presence of vertebral fractures.

Results

bone mineral density at lumbar spine BMD 0.78±0.08 vs 0.88±0.07; p<0,001, femoral neck BMD: 0.56±0.04 vs 0.72±0.07; p<0,001 and total femur BMD: 0.57±0.04 vs 0.71±0.06; p<0,001 and ultrasound parameter at calcaneus SI: 80.10±5.10 vs 94.80±6.10 p<0,001 were significantly lower in scleroderma compared with controls; bone turnover markers and parathyroid hormone level were significantly higher in scleroderma compared with controls, while serum of 25OHD3 was significantly lower. In scleroderma group the serum levels of 25OHD3 significantly correlated with PTH levels, BMD, stiffness index and bone turnover markers. One or more moderate or severe vertebral fractures were found in 13 patients with scleroderma, wherease in control group only one patient had a mild vertebral fracture.

Conclusion

Our data shows, for the first time, that vertebral fractures are frequent in subjects with scleroderma, and suggest that lower levels of 25OHD3 may play a role in the risk of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures.



Autor: Marco Atteritano , Stefania Sorbara, Gianluca Bagnato, Giovanni Miceli, Donatella Sangari, Salvatore Morgante, Elisa Visalli, Gia

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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