Sex and Breed-Dependent Organ Development and Metabolic Responses in Foetuses from Lean and Obese-Leptin Resistant SwineReportar como inadecuado




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The present study aimed to determine the effects of breed and sex on growth patterns and metabolic features of advanced-pregnancy foetuses exposed to the same environmental conditions. Thus, at Day 62 of pregnancy, swine foetuses from an obese breed with leptin resistance Iberian breed were compared to lean crossbred foetuses 25% Large White ×25% Landrace ×50% Pietrain. There were differential developmental patterns in foetuses with leptin resistance, mainly a higher relative weight of the brain resembling -brain-sparing effect-. Prioritization of brain growth may be protective for the adequate growth and postnatal survival of the Iberian individuals, an ancient breed reared in extensive semi-feral conditions for centuries. There were also clear sex-related differences in foetal development and metabolism in the Iberian breed. Female Iberian foetuses were similar in size and weight to male littermates but had a significantly higher relative liver to body weight ratio resembling -liver-sparing effect- and a trend for a higher relative intestine to body ratio. Moreover, the availability of triglycerides, cholesterol and IL-6 in female Iberian foetuses was similar to that of lean crossbred foetuses. Overall, these features may favour a better postnatal survival and development of females, the sex more critical for the species survival. These findings set the basis for future translational studies aimed at increasing the knowledge on the interaction between genetic and environmental factors in the early programming of the adult phenotype.



Autor: Laura Torres-Rovira, Anne Tarrade, Susana Astiz, Eve Mourier, Mariluz Perez-Solana, Paloma de la Cruz, Ernesto Gomez-Fidalgo, Rau

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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