Spatiotemporal Segregation of Neural Response to Auditory Stimulation: An fMRI Study Using Independent Component Analysis and Frequency-Domain AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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Although auditory processing has been widely studied with conventional parametric methods, there have been a limited number of independent component analysis ICA applications in this area. The purpose of this study was to examine spatiotemporal behavior of brain networks in response to passive auditory stimulation using ICA. Continuous broadband noise was presented binaurally to 19 subjects with normal hearing. ICA was performed to segregate spatial networks, which were subsequently classified according to their temporal relation to the stimulus using power spectrum analysis. Classification of separated networks resulted in 3 stimulus-activated, 9 stimulus-deactivated, 2 stimulus-neutral stimulus-dependent but not correlated with the stimulation timing, and 2 stimulus-unrelated fluctuations that did not follow the stimulus cycles components. As a result of such classification, spatiotemporal subdivisions were observed in a number of cortical structures, namely auditory, cingulate, and sensorimotor cortices, where parts of the same cortical network responded to the stimulus with different temporal patterns. The majority of the classified networks seemed to comprise subparts of the known resting-state networks RSNs; however, they displayed different temporal behavior in response to the auditory stimulus, indicating stimulus-dependent temporal segregation of RSNs. Only one of nine deactivated networks coincided with the -classic- default-mode network, suggesting the existence of a stimulus-dependent default-mode network, different from that commonly accepted.



Autor: Natalia Yakunina, Woo Suk Tae, Kang Uk Lee, Sam Soo Kim, Eui-Cheol Nam

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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