Nutritional Habits of Croatian Island Populations – Recent InsightsReport as inadecuate

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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.36 No.4 December 2012. -

Although Croatia is divided into continental and insular subpopulation which practice different dietary habits, a

general shift in nutritional habits has been observed in the direction of globalization, including considerably higher intake

of red meat, saturated fatty acids, milk, dairies etc. and accompanied by a decrease in physical activity. These relatively

abrupt changes have had an especially significant impact on the insular populations, known for their traditional Mediterranean diet and have led to the increased prevalence of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart diseases etc. on Croatian islands. Since the expression of genes responsible for the occurrence of complex diseases can be enhanced in isolated populations due to the effect of evolutionary forces, genetic-epidemiological research in population isolates is of great importance, giving us insight into the interplay between intrinsic genes and extrinsic risk factors diet for disease development.

nutrition; islands; intrinsic and extrinsic factors; complex diseases; evolution

Author: Sasa Missoni - ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia



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