Survey Study of Acute and Long Term Effects of Female Genital Mutilation among Women in Sharkia GovernorateReportar como inadecuado

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Objective: The aim of thisstudy is to evaluate the acute and long-term effects of female genitalmutilation FGM among women in Sharkia Governorate. Method: This was across-sectional descriptive study carried out in Zagazic University HospitalZUH over a two years period from January 2012 to January 2014. The overallsample consisted of 1500 women. An interview was utilized to collect the necessarydata. The questionnaires were administered face to face, in Arabic language.Four open and 25 close-ended questions were used to collect socio-demographicdata of the sample: women’s experience about the circumcision, occurrence ofhealth hazards after circumcision, and sexual effects on married women.Intention of all women circumcised or not to circumcise their daughters was also documented.Results: This study revealed that the prevalence of FGM in Sharkia Governorate was about 85.5%.The majority of circumcised women were Muslims 94.4%, married 87.9%,housewife 81.4%, illiterate or with low education level 45.5% and 38.5%respectively and from rural areas 82.2%. The most common types of FGM weretype I 49.2% and type II 50.8%. The most common motive of FGM was thereligious cause 46.6%. The majority of circumcised women 59% denied theoccurrence of any acute complication. The reported acute complications in thisstudy were bleeding 19.6%, urine retention 2.3%, infection 6.3% anddifficult walking 12.8%. The majority of circumcised women 86% denied theoccurrence of any problems at labor related to circumcision. The reportedproblems at labor in this study were narrowing of introitus 8.4%, laceration0.7% and bleeding 4.9%. In this study, 74.6% of circumcised women believedthat there was no effect of circumcision on their sexual satisfaction and 92.1%of circumcised women believed that there was no effect of circumcision on theirhusband’s sexual satisfaction. Approximately 16% of circumcised womencomplained of dyspareunia and believed that it was related to circumcision.Conclusion: Female circumcision is deeply rooted in our community and lawsalone will not eradicate it. Moreover, this approach may drive it underground.Increased media coverage, statements by ministers, religious leaders andnon-governmental organizations may lead to increased discussion of the topic ata local level. Spreading the message by means of pictures, song and drama aswell as economic development will be more effective.


Female Genital Mutilation, Female Circumcision, Sexual Satisfaction

Cite this paper

Arafa, E. , Abdelghany, A. , Madkour, N. , Nossair, W. and Mohamed, E. 2014 Survey Study of Acute and Long Term Effects of Female Genital Mutilation among Women in Sharkia Governorate. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 874-880. doi: 10.4236-ojog.2014.414123.

Autor: Essa M. Arafa, Amany M. Abdelghany, Nadia M. Madkour, Wael S. Nossair*, Ekramy A. Mohamed



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