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Amazonian fruits are outstanding in quality. They are consumed as true delicacies of nature by the Brazilian population. Besides their attractive attributes, i.e. appearance, different textures and distinctive flavors, their nutritional value is diversified in the type of calories and the functional food ingredients. In addition to being very palatable, Amazonian fruits provide energy-rich macronutrients lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, micronutrients minerals, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins, prebiotics dietary fibers, especially pectin, bioactive substances carotenoids and polyphenols, variety in the diet and improvement in the organoleptic properties and digestibility of mixed foods. This study first aimed to review concepts applicable to nutritional constituents and caloric contents of Amazonian fruits. It also attempted to clarify the potential use of these fruits in metabolic disorders i.e. diabetes mellitus and-or obesity. To fulfill these purposes, 12 fruits were chosen for their dietetic significance in the Brazilian Amazonia.

KEYWORDS

Oleaginous Fruits, Starchy-Oily Fruits, Fleshy Fruits, Diabetes Mellitus, Obesity

Cite this paper

de Andrade Jr., M.C. and Andrade, J.S.2014 Amazonian Fruits: An Overview of Nutrients, Calories and Use in Metabolic Disorders. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1692-1703. doi: 10.4236-fns.2014.517182.





Autor: Moacir Couto de Andrade Júnior1, Jerusa Souza Andrade

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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