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Natural starters have been extensively used for many centuries to make many different fermented food products from different raw materials: Milk, meat, roots, vegetables, etc. The industrialisation of food production at the end of the 19th century necessitated the use of regular selected starters to standardize the organoleptic characteristics of the final product. As a consequence, during the 20th century, there was a decline in the use of natural starters in Western countries except in the production of local cheeses or sourdough breads. The beginning of this new millennium has witnessed a deep change in consumer demand, in pursuit of quality, safety and pleasure. In this context, natural starters could, in the future, play an important role in the development of fermented products. However, food producers and researchers have first to cope with fundamental problems in the understanding of these complex ecosystems. The dynamic evolution of the microbial population inside the natural starter its resilience, its genetic and physiological aptitudes and the consequences on the product are still partially unknown. This document reviews a broad range of articles concerning the use of natural starters with a specific focus on cheeses and breads, and discusses the major stakes for local food production and the consumption of typical products.

KEYWORDS

Natural Starter, Cheese, Bread, Sourdough, Food Ecosystem

Cite this paper

Yann, D. and Pauline, G. 2014 Usefulness of Natural Starters in Food Industry: The Example of Cheeses and Bread. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1679-1691. doi: 10.4236-fns.2014.517181.





Autor: Demarigny Yann, Gerber Pauline

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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