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Iran is a country that benefitsfrom nice nature, diverse continent, areas full of unique geological phenomena.Thus, it is necessary to study these attractions for better recognition ofthem. In this regard, Hormoz Island with valuable geoheritage, biodiversity,cultural, historical and political diversity is very important. Theaccumulation of these attractions and its being located in Persian Gulfstrategic area made it of considerable significance in national andinternational communities. Hormoz Island is a spherical salt dome which islocated in Hormoz strait. This Island is composed of evaporites, igneous rocks and sedimentaryrocks, and sediments mainly belong to Mishan andAghajari formations and salt, gypsum and, to a lesser extent, limestoneevaporites. In sedimentary formations of Hormoz, Aouthigenic minerals such asPyrite, Dolomite, quartz, Anhydrite, gypsum and halite are frequently seen.Mineralization of volcanic leads to formation of high temperature minerals, such as oligiste, pyroxene, amphibole andlow temperature and hydrothermal minerals such as Pyrite, quartz

. in thetracks of igneous rocks. This unique geodiversity in rocks and mineral whichmade various colors in Hormoz Island made it a mineraogical reservoir. Besideconsiderable mineralogical attractions, there are other potentials like ochremine, coral reefs, rock seashore, sea caves, salt caves, plant cover and wildlife which have added to various tourism capabilities of this Island and madeit a unique place in the world. This paper studies Hormoz Island in terms of geologicalfeatures and geotourism potentials.


Salt dome, Geology, Geodiversity, Geotourism, Hormoz Island, Iran

Cite this paper

Yazdi, A. , Arian, M. and Tabari, M. 2014 Geological and Geotourism Study of Iran Geology Natural Museum, Hormoz Island. Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 703-714. doi: 10.4236-oje.2014.411060.

Autor: Abdollah Yazdi, Mohammad Ali Arian, Mahmoud M. Rezapour Tabari



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