Effects of Rootstocks on Cryotolerance and Overwintering Survivorship of Genic Male Sterile Lines in Upland Cotton Gossypium hirsutum L.Reportar como inadecuado




Effects of Rootstocks on Cryotolerance and Overwintering Survivorship of Genic Male Sterile Lines in Upland Cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Grafting desirable scion on stress-tolerant rootstocks provides an opportunity to improve the cryotolerance of scion. Genic male sterile GMS lines of plant could be used as sterile line and maintainer in breeding, and they have the conspicuous characteristics that the fertility of which is easy to regain but hard to maintain by sexual reproduction. In order to maintain the fertility of GMS cotton by means of its perennial growth on the basis of frostless winters in Nanning, Guangxi autonomous region, GMS line A4 was grafted onto 7 cryotolerant rootstocks F118, F697, F098, F112, F113, P098 and P113, and the cryotolerance and the overwintering survivorship of scions were investigated. In consequence, when compared with control self-grafted A4, the relative conductivity of the grafted plants in shoot bark was reduced 8.80%, the content of soluble sugar, soluble protein and free proline were higher, 25.00, 1.55, 3.46%, respectively; the overwintering survival rate and the height of regeneration bud under field condition of grafted plants were higher, 10.44, 15.75%, respectively; the order of the grafted plants based on the average subordinate function value of overwintering survivorship was A4-F113>A4-F118>A4-F098>A4-F697>A4-F112>A4-P098>A4-P113>A4-A4CK; the correlation analyses indicated that the physiological parameters of cryotolerance could be used for forecasting the overwintering survivorship, and the relative conductivity could be chosen as the first physiological parameter for forecasting cryotolerance or overwintering survivorship. The results indicate that the cryotolerance and the overwintering survivorship of GMS cotton could be improved by grafting, and F113 appeared to be a valuable rootstock.



Autor: Xin Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Qinglian Wang, Peng Chen, Guoping Chen, Ruiyang Zhou

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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