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Self-perception of body image is one factor to be considered when planning and performing preventive initiatives and interventions in childhood and adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyse self-perception of body image in relation to body-mass index, physical inactivity, not eating breakfast, dieting, smoking and alcohol consumption or toxic habits. Materials and Methods: using data from the -Quito municipal schools- cohort study 6964 students aged from 9 to 17 years were described using a multivariate log linear model of the multidimensional table generated by the variables. A logistic regression model was then fitted to assess associations via OR. Results: 8.2% perceived themselves as overweight. Of those subjects overweight according to their BMI, 21.8% perceived themselves as such, while among those not overweight according to BMI, 96.8% considered themselves as slim or of normal weight. Among students who were dieting, 15.1% perceived themselves as overweight. Among those pupils who perceived themselves has having excess weight, the most common reasons for dieting were: lose weight 56.8%, be healthier 22.6%, and maintain current weight 8.4%. Self-perception of excess weight interacts with excess weight ORadjusted 8.42; CI95% 6.92-10.25, no breakfast ORadjusted 2.83; CI95% 2.13-3.77, diet ORadjusted 2.38; CI95% 1.95-2.89, and with all the variables except toxic habits ORadjusted 1.01; CI95% 0.78 a 1.29. Conclusion: Interventions to prevent obesity in childhood and adolescence ought to take account of specific determinants within the personal, behavioural and socio-environmental factors, such as the promotion of a positive body image.

KEYWORDS

Body Image, Self-Perception, Overweight and Obesity, School Children, Ecuador

Cite this paper

Romero-Sandoval, N. , Flores, O. , Egas, C. , Villamar, G. , Larrea, Z. , Cruz, M. , Icaza, L. and Martín, M. 2014 Quito Municipal Schools—Cohort Study: Self-Perception of Body Image and Factors Related with It. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 4, 122-128. doi: 10.4236-ojepi.2014.43017.





Autor: Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Oscar Flores, Carmen Egas, Gabriela Villamar, Zuleica Larrea, Manuel Cruz, Laura Icaza, Miguel Martín

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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