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Thispaper examined the causes, effects and measures for mitigating climate changeto ensure adequate supply of food through crop production to address the foodinsecurity which has occupied a central focus of the Nigerian economy.Unfortunately, crop production is fraught with many ecological challengesincluding climate change.
This climate change which occurs as a result of thebuildup of Green House Gases GHGs occasioned by industrialization,technological modeling and agriculture, exert significant effects on crop yield,water availability, ecosystem disequilibrium resulting in cases of drought,flood earthquake among others.
For crop production to be scaled-up to meet thefood requirement of the ever growing Nigerian population amidst thesechallenges, there is need to mitigate these adverse effects of climate changethrough the adoption of sustainable land management practices that can reducethe atmospheric stock of GHGs such as zero-tillage, appropriate use offertilizers, avoidance of bush burning, graze land management, improved watermanagement among others.
Achieving great success in these areas requires thatNigerian government should be more proactive in their policies that holdpromise for sustainable cultures in agricultural production as well as evolvingglobal partnerships on ecological issues.


KEYWORDS

Climate Change, Green House Gases, Global Warming, Mitigation, Crop Production, Food Insecurity

Cite this paper

Alawa, D.
, Asogwa, V.
and Ikelusi, C.
2014 Measures for Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change on Crop Production in Nigeria.
American Journal of Climate Change, 3, 161-168.
doi: 10.4236-ajcc.2014.32015.






Autor: D.
A.
Alawa, V.
C.
Asogwa, C.
O.
Ikelusi


Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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