Climatic Effects on the Formation and Function of Architectures Based on the Climate in Semnan Province, IranReportar como inadecuado




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Semnan province is one of the vast provincesof the country that has a variety of topographical and clamatorial conditions.This province plays a key role in industrial, agricultural and animal husbandryactivities.
The study of its climate potential with respect to its naturallimitations like lack of water resources, soil types, droughts anddesertification problems has been considered as a necessity in the provinceannual planning.
In this study, the climatic regionalization of the province isdone through using empirical and quantitative methods on climatic data ofmeteorological stations of the area in statistical period of 1982-2005.
Methodsof Koppen empirical, De Martonne, Emberger and Dr Karimi have divided theprovince into 3, 2, 4 and 6 climactic types, respectively.
Using principlecomponents and the cluster analysis on 14 climatic elements of 21 stations, 5climatic types have been specified for the province.
Based on this method,temperature, its Diurnal Temperature Range DTR, precipitation and its type,and humidity contribute a great deal to the climate of the Semnan Province.
Themain results of this identification of 5 climatic types include hot & dry, dry& hot semi-dry, dry & cold semi-dry, mountainous, and Caspian climate.



Autor: Saeid Kamyabi, Hooman Mesgarian

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/





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