Does Reactive Adaptation Exist Using the Ecosystem Service Governance Approach to Evaluate Post-Drought Rural Food Security in KenyaReportar como inadecuado




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Controversial climate change studies purport that predicted foodinsecurity and resource scarcity will intensify resource conflicts indeveloping nations.
This belief is based on a prevalent assumption that Africanagricultural production systems are rigid and that their respective governmentslack comprehensive adaptation ability.
Therefore, I investigate whether and how effective post- droughtadaptation activity is sustaining food production and livelihoods at Loitoktokdistrict in Kenya.
This study uses the theoretical three-step ecosystem service governance approachthat analyzes both natural resources attributes andrelational data.
Results confirm a substantial decline in productivity and hugemonetary losses in the agricultural sector of Loitoktok following the 2009drought.
Post-drought analysis reveals highdiversification in crops and livestock that are drought-tolerant, fast maturingand high income generating such as camels, rabbits and dairy goats,horticultural and fruit production that sustain food security, income and locallivelihoods.
These reactive adaptation activities originate from an active public-private cooperation that promotesknowledge exchange among Loitoktok stakeholders.
This cooperation is also seenin the efficient resource conflict resolution network.
In conclusion, ruralcommunities seem to be efficiently adapting to changing environmentalconditions but require more financialand technical support from the government.
Unfortunately, appraisal of nationalplanned adaptation reveals effort-duplication that may divert much neededadaptation funds from being invested in research projects with multiplebenefits to Kenyan food producers.


KEYWORDS

Climate Adaptation, Drought Impacts, Food Security, Knowledge Brokers, Social Networks, Kenya

Cite this paper

Ngaruiya, G.
2014 Does Reactive Adaptation Exist? Using the Ecosystem Service Governance Approach to Evaluate Post-Drought Rural Food Security in Kenya.
Natural Resources, 5, 392-407.
doi: 10.4236-nr.2014.58037.






Autor: Grace W.
Ngaruiya


Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/





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