Human-Carnivore Conflicts in Private Conservancy Lands of Elerai and Oltiyiani in Amboseli Area, KenyaReportar como inadecuado




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Human-carnivore conflicts represent the most common negativeform of interactions between humans and wildlife. Most carnivores involved insuch conflicts are: lion, hyena, leopard and cheetah. Three strategies arenormally used in Kenya to mitigate such conflicts; consolation for lost livestockand human life to increase tolerance to them, use of predator proof homesteadsespecially among pastoralists, use flicking lights at night to discourageapproach of carnivores near homesteads, and awareness creation among communitieson the ecological role of carnivores. This study examined human-carnivoreinteractions in privately owned conservancies near Amboseli National Park,Kenya. The conservancies were found to have almost similar human and livestockdemography. However, homesteads in Elerai had more fence broken parts andrelatively higher levels of livestock predation by lion and hyena. The higherthe number of each livestock type was, the higher the specific predation tothat livestock type was, implying density dependent effects of predation bycarnivores on livestock. It seemed that the fence structure and level ofmaintenance including carnivore strategies on specializing on specificlivestock size and age consistent with optimizing their foraging strategiesinfluenced predation incidences. However, the presence of adult males andMaasai warriors morans in bomas did not seem to be related with the number oflivestock killed by carnivores, implying that they didn’t add vigilance as anadditional strategy to prevent livestock depredation. It is recommended thatattention be paid on maintenance of homestead and livestock fences as well asvigilance to deter predation. We further recommend strategies to preventlivestock predation such as, installation of chain link predator proof fences orcarnivore lighting deterrents at night because woody plants fences areineffective and deteriorate easily with time, and also lead to depletion ofplant resources critical to households.

KEYWORDS

Amboseli, Human-Carnivore Conflicts, Livestock Depredation

Cite this paper

Okello, M. , Kiringe, J. and Warinwa, F. 2014 Human-Carnivore Conflicts in Private Conservancy Lands of Elerai and Oltiyiani in Amboseli Area, Kenya. Natural Resources, 5, 375-391. doi: 10.4236-nr.2014.58036.





Autor: Moses Makonjio Okello, John Warui Kiringe, Fiesta Warinwa

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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