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The main purpose of this article is to analyze the competitiveexaminations concursos developed for the hiring of public school teachers inBrazil in the XIX century. An analysis of these competitive examinationsexplaining the characteristics that the government required of people whom itwished to hire as teachers represents an important approach to recovering thehistory of teachers, which the history of teacher training programs andDidactics itself seems to hide. The research on which this article is based hasthe goal of discussing the history of the subject from the standpoint of analyzingthe exams for teacher selection, namely the content, skills, andcharacteristics required of an individual to be hired as a teacher in a publicschool. Considering that Didactics is the subject from which futureprofessionals acquire everything that they must know and the skills necessaryto be a professional, we dig into the history of this school subject related tothe history of Normal Schools teacher training schools in Brazil. We alsopresent the analysis of the competitive examinations for teacher selection,considering the content, skills, and characteristics required for an individualto be hired as a teacher in a public school. In our attempt to analyze thisprocess, we highlight legislative acts from 1809 to 1880 related to the hiringof teachers in the Primitivo Moacyr collection. These sources contain therespective exams and procedural documents for the following years: 1876, 1878, 1881,1883, 1884, 1885, and 1886. All evidence appears to indicate that although thecompetitive examinations, including all official apparatus, were conducted as amatter of appearances only, their legitimacy was still provisional, assuggested by both the procedural documents and some legal documents. Weconclude that the knowledge required to hire teachers was not Didactics butbehavior because, in countries such as Brazil where the -welfare state- wasnever completely constructed, the school served as the first -reception room-of the state, and the elementary school teacher, always a woman, was the -receptionist-.

KEYWORDS

Teachers, Brazil, XIX Century, Exams, Didactics, Order

Cite this paper

Pessanh, E. 2014 The First Competitive Examinations for Teacher Selection: The Construction of Order without Didactics. Creative Education, 5, 913-923. doi: 10.4236-ce.2014.511104.





Autor: Eurize Caldas Pessanh

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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