Neuropeptide S Facilitates Mice Olfactory Function through Activation of Cognate Receptor-Expressing Neurons in the Olfactory CortexReportar como inadecuado




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Neuropeptide S NPS is a newly identified neuromodulator located in the brainstem and regulates various biological functions by selectively activating the NPS receptors NPSR.
High level expression of NPSR mRNA in the olfactory cortex suggests that NPS-NPSR system might be involved in the regulation of olfactory function.
The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of intracerebroventricular i.c.v.
injection of NPS or co-injection of NPSR antagonist on the olfactory behaviors, food intake, and c-Fos expression in olfactory cortex in mice.
In addition, dual-immunofluorescence was employed to identify NPS-induced Fos immunereactive -ir neurons that also bear NPSR.
NPS 0.1–1 nmol i.c.v.
injection significantly reduced the latency to find the buried food, and increased olfactory differentiation of different odors and the total sniffing time spent in olfactory habituation-dishabituation tasks.
NPS facilitated olfactory ability most at the dose of 0.5 nmol, which could be blocked by co-injection of 40 nmol NPSR antagonist D-Val5NPS.
NPS administration dose-dependently inhibited food intake in fasted mice.
Ex-vivo c-Fos and NPSR immunohistochemistry in the olfactory cortex revealed that, as compared with vehicle-treated mice, NPS markedly enhanced c-Fos expression in the anterior olfactory nucleus AON, piriform cortex Pir, ventral tenia tecta VTT, the anterior cortical amygdaloid nucleus ACo and lateral entorhinal cortex LEnt.
The percentage of Fos-ir neurons that also express NPSR were 88.5% and 98.1% in the AON and Pir, respectively.
The present findings demonstrated that NPS, via selective activation of the neurons bearing NPSR in the olfactory cortex, facilitates olfactory function in mice.



Autor: Yu-Feng Shao , Peng Zhao , Chao-Yu Dong, Jing Li, Xiang-Pan Kong, Hai-Liang Wang, Li-Rong Dai, Yi-Ping Hou

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/





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