Prevalence and Risk of Anemia in Type-2 Diabetic PatientsReportar como inadecuado




Prevalence and Risk of Anemia in Type-2 Diabetic Patients - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Aim: To determine the prevalence and risk of anemia in type-2 diabetes mellitus. In addition, the incidence and risk of anemia in these patients were assessed according to gender and glycemic control status. Methods: The study group comprised 200 patients with type-2 diabetes. Patients were divided into groups according to glycemic control and gender. Glycated hemoglobin HbA1c, blood glucose level, hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume MCV, mean corpuscular hemoglobin MCH and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration MCHC of subjects were evaluated. The presence of anemia was defined by a hemoglobin level 126 mg-dl and random blood glucose >200 mg-dl. Result: 63% of diabetic patients had anemia. There was higher incidence and risk of anemia in females 36% as compared to males 27% p < 0.05 and in poorly controlled diabetes HbA1C >7.5% 49.5% compared to those with controlled diabetes HbA1C < 7.5% 13.5% p < 0.05. Conclusion: This study indicated that poor glycemic control and gender difference are associated with the incidence of anemia in type II diabetes. Our findings suggest the need of screening for anemia in diabetes out-patient clinics. Routine hematological tests along with blood glucose level should be mandatory in order to make therapeutic decisions for the treatment of anemia in type II diabetes mellitus.

KEYWORDS

Anemia, Erythropoietin, Gender, Glycemia, Insulin, Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

Cite this paper

Sharif, A. , Younus, S. , Baig, K. and Ali, N. 2014 Prevalence and Risk of Anemia in Type-2 Diabetic Patients. Health, 6, 1415-1419. doi: 10.4236-health.2014.612173.





Autor: Ayesha Sharif, Shahnila Younus, Kanwal Baig, Nafisa Hassan Ali

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados