Excavations of Prehistoric Hill Forts at Barilović-Osovlje and Crkvina-Bukovlje Karlovac CountyReportar como inadecuado

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Annales Instituti Archaeologici, Vol.VII No.1 October 2011. -

In July 2010, field surveys of the Karlovac region were conducted in the municipalities of Barilovići and Generalski Stol. Several hill fort sites of the Karlovac region were surveyed along the Dobra, Mrežnica and Korana rivers. Smaller trial-trenches were dug at the aforementioned hill forts to obtain an insight into the sites’ stratigraphy.

The prehistoric hill fort of Osovlje in Barilović is located opposite the Old Town Stari grad in Barilović, at approximately 200 metres above sea level. The hill fort’s ground-plan is almost rectangular, its size being 90 x 50 metres. We dug a trial trench on its north-eastern side on the spot where we assumed the existence of a fortification wall. Among the pottery shards, the most significant is the fragment of a lid from classical antiquity. Due to the fragmentary nature of finds, we have not been able to come up with a more detailed conclusion as to chronology, but it is certain that the hill fort was visited in the classical antiquity period. Other shards belong to the prehistoric period, though it is not possible to determine with certainty whether we are dealing with the Bronze Age or early Iron Age. The site is directly threatened by a nearby quarry. Near the Osovlje site, there is Kosijersko Selo, where field surveys have revealed the existence of a tumulus which might belong to the late Bronze Age or, more probably, to the early Iron Age.

The hill fort in the village of Bukovlje is situated above the River Mrežnica. It has an irregular, triangular ground-plan. It is 100 metres long on the western side, towards the Mrežnica, and approximately 65 metres wide. Probe 1 5 x 3 m was opened along its southern plateau. With Probe 2, we made a cross-section to the stone wall surrounding the hill fort on the south-eastern side. The stone wall is bound with mortar, is 2.2 metres wide, and belongs to the Middle Ages. In Probe 1, several prehistoric layers were unearthed and documented in which we found shards of pottery vessels of different shapes. These displayed various decorations and workmanship. Bowls with an inverted rim predominate, decorated with vertical grooves along the edges. Such bowls are characteristic of the Ha B period and transition to the Ha C period. They are familiar from the hill forts of Belaj, Kiringrad and Turska Kosa, which are extraordinarily rich in ceramic artefacts. Special finds included pyramidal weights and whorls, which suggests the existence of weaving activity in this part of the settlement. Many of them come from pit SU 015-027-028, which is rich in pottery finds. Under the layers from the late Bronze Age, a layer belonging to the Aeneolithic period, i.e. the Lasinja culture, has been partly preserved.

Karlovac County; Barilović-Osovlje hill fort; Crkvina-Bukovlje hill fort; late Bronze Age; early Iron Age; Lasinja pottery

Autor: Snježana Karavanić - ; Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb, Croatia Andreja Kudelić - ; Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb, Croatia

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/


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