An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors, STI-HIV Prevalence, and HIV Prevention Programs among Truckers in India: A Critical Literature ReviewReportar como inadecuado




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Background: Asystematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI andHIV prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India islacking. This paper therefore aims to present a chronological review ofliterature regarding sexual behaviors, STI-HIV prevalence, and various HIVprevention programs implemented among truckers in India. Methodology: Publishedand unpublished studies 1990-2011 were identified through electronic databases,and hand searching. Results: Most studies on sexual behaviors and STI-HIVprevalence among truckers focused only on drivers and ignored their helpers.Evidences suggest that consistent condom use by truckers with both paid andnon-paid female partners has increased during the past decade. Many recentstudies suggest that the HIV prevalence among truckers is about 2% and it hasbeen declining slowly during the past decade. The HIV prevention programs amongtruckers which started with the aim of raising awareness about HIV during early1990s, have grown multi-folds to encompass not only the standard strategieslike mid-media events, interpersonal counselling and STI care for HIVprevention, but also innovations such as the use of business franchisee models,and integrated research and evidence based planning in the program. The possibilitiesof using new approaches such as male circumcision and the use of pre-exposureprophylaxes are underway. Conclusion: More studies are needed to explore helpers’vulnerabilities to HIV. Very few studies have attempted to examine the impactof large-scale prevention programs among truckers. Efforts are required toexamine the impact of different components of such programs to guide the HIVprevention efforts among truckers in India.

KEYWORDS

Truckers, Sexual Behavior, HIV, Prevention Programs, India

Cite this paper

Sahu, D. , Pandey, A. , Mishra, R. , Saggurti, N. , Setu, S. and Singh, I. 2014 An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors, STI-HIV Prevalence, and HIV Prevention Programs among Truckers in India: A Critical Literature Review. World Journal of AIDS, 4, 206-218. doi: 10.4236-wja.2014.42026.





Autor: Damodar Sahu, Arvind Pandey, Ram Manohar Mishra, Niranjan Saggurti, Shekhar Setu, Indra Raj Singh

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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