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Attention-deficit-hyperactivitydisorder ADHD in college students is not well researched nor well understood,but is likely to present special challenges to academic performance. Individualswith ADHD symptoms have sometimes been found to show deficits in executivefunctioning, including response inhibition, categorization and set-shiftingabilities. However, the relationship between these abilities and ADHD symptomsin college students remains unclear. In the present study, the response inhibition,categorization and set-shifting abilities of college students with low n = 15, moderate n = 15, and high n =16 self-reported ADHD symptoms were compared. No overall group differenceswere found. It thus appears that in these important executive functions,college students with high self-reported levels of ADHD symptoms are not moreimpaired, as compared to those with fewer symptoms. Possibly, the groupcomparisons obscured a subset of students whose cognitive inhibition,categorization and set-shifting abilities are affected. Other limitations,including the use of self-report and the relatively low sample size, arediscussed.

KEYWORDS

Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, Executive Functions, Cognitive Inhibition, Cognitive Flexibility

Cite this paper

Murtagh, A. & Elworthy, A. 2014. Response Inhibition, Categorization, and Set-Shifting in College Students with ADHD Symptoms. Psychology, 5, 624-629. doi: 10.4236-psych.2014.57074.





Autor: Anne M. Murtagh, Anthony Elworthy

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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