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The Aschtasks were presented to 20 foursomes of Japanese 7th graders 10boy- and girl-four-somes by means of a presentation trick so that oneparticipant observed different stimuli than the other three. The response orderwas randomly assigned and the third responders observed different standardlines from the other three children. The results showed that the minoritychildren who had observed different stimuli tended to conform to the majority.Combined with the previous results utilizing the same experimental procedurewith two different age groups— six-year old children and undergraduates—a cleartendency was found for Japanese boys becoming more independent as they matured.Six-year-old Japanese boys conformed considerably, while male undergraduatesseldom conformed, and the 7th grade boys in the present study showeda moderate level of conformity. On the other hand, Japanese girls showed thesame conformity frequencies regardless of age.

KEYWORDS

Conformity, Gender Difference, Social Pressure, Junior High School Pupils

Cite this paper

Mori, K. , Ito-Koyama, A. , Arai, M. & Hanayama, A. 2014. Boys, Be Independent! Conformity Development of Japanese Children in the Asch Experiment without Using Confederates. Psychology, 5, 617-623. doi: 10.4236-psych.2014.57073.





Autor: Kazuo Mori, Akina Ito-Koyama, Miho Arai, Aiko Hanayama

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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