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Muscular dystrophies are myopathies and tend to progressive, with ongoing degeneration and regeneration of muscle fibers. Spinal muscular atrophy SMA, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS and polio myelitis are essentially diseases of the anterior horn cells of the spine. It has been reported in literature that humoral immunity is manifested by the antibodies production. These are special chemical substances that react against foreign body. Antibodies are serum proteins, which are immunoglobulins and possess antibody activity and are classified according to antigens and stimulate their production such as IgA, JgG, IgM, IgD and IgE. All the immunological parameters such as of C3, C4, IgG, IgM and IgA, which are measured in Duchenne muscular dystrophy go down in comparison to healthy subjects. Complement C3 and Complement C4 go down about 44.3% and 78.57% respectively from the normal values. The serum IgG, IgM and IgA levels were also go down about 65%, 84% and 99.56% respectively in comparison to healthy subjects. A trend between all the immunoglobulins has been set up and it is rAG.M > rMA.G. > rGM.A, while we have a trend in DMD cases is rMA.G. > rAG.M > rGM.A We are in a position to say that our data have a relevance of high authenticity and reliability to accept that there is a deficit in immunity in DMD cases. The deficit in immunity may be a cause to damage muscle for abnormal functioning.

KEYWORDS

Complements, Immunoglobulins, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Regression Coefficients, Multiple Correlation Coefficients

Cite this paper

Kumar, S. , Mittal, R. ,  , S. and Jain, D. 2014 Role of Complements and Immunoglobulins in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 4, 323-346. doi: 10.4236-ojapps.2014.46030.





Autor: Sanjeev Kumar, Reena Mittal, Sweety , Depp Chand Jain

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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