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The economy is globalizing. But how are the different economic world regions performing regarding globalization of trade flows? Why are they performing differently? Globalization is not only the increase of international trade between certain preferential geographic areas of economy, but also the resulting increase of interweavement of trade flows between different geographical areas, independent of the amount of trade. This paper is a revised and expanded version of the paper entitled -World Trade and Associated Systems Risk of Global Inequality: Empiric Study of Globalization Evolution between 2003-2011 and Regional Pattern Analysis- presented at International Conference on Applied Economics ICOAE2013, Istanbul, 27-29 June, 2013. This paper analyzes the evolution of world trade flows between 2003-2012 and performs a cross-section analysis of the year 2012. The economic interweavement will be measured by an inequality risk metric applied to the supply-demand matrix. This risk indicator is based on the concept of statistical entropy resulting in an inequality risk measure, giving an indication for the degree of economic globalization and the evolution of globalization in different geographical regions. In addition, it analyses the governing rational of globalization evolution. The result of this research shows that economic trade flows are globalizing, but with clear different regional patterns, not only between globalizing and de-globalizing regions, but also within the globalizing and de-globalizing regions itself. The emerging economies such as China or the Middle East are globalizing whereas mature economies such as North America and Europe are de-globalizing, confirming for globalization of the inverse Kuznets evolution. The different patterns between the different economic world regions can be explained by using the Globalization Type’s Model as well as the Central Theorem of Globalization.

KEYWORDS

Globalization; Risk Metric; Inequality; Measure; Entropy; Trade Flows; Pigou-Dalton; Kuznets; Heckscher-Ohlin; Linder; Globalization Types; Central Theorem

Cite this paper

Rüttimann, B. 2014 World Trade Logics and Measure of Global Inequality: Regional Pattern and Globalization Evolution between 2003-2012. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 4, 184-196. doi: 10.4236-ojapps.2014.44019.





Autor: Bruno G. Rüttimann

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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