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Spaceimages play an important role in the Earth study as they bring the maininformation received from the Space Flyer Units SFU to help researchers.Space images’ deciphering gives the opportunity to study the territory and toplot different maps. On the basis of the space image obtained from Landsat 5TM30 m resolution, 01.09.2012 year, we managed to get a picture of the modernrelief of the northern part of Inder lake. When comparing the space image withtopographic maps of 1985, we succeeded to identify the dynamics of landformschange on the studied area, what has been shown on the drawn map of the reliefof the Inder salt dome uplift. 14 classes, corresponding to a particular typeof terrain or to a landscape complex, have been distinguished on the studiedarea. Inder salt dome uplift is a paradynamic conjugation, consisting of highlykarsted Inder Mountains corresponding to large diapir uplift, and of the InderLake having a large ellipsoidal shape. Geomorphologically, the investigatedterritory is located on the left bank of Zhaiyk River, and presents a salt domeuplift in the form of a plateau-like hill raised above the surrounding surfacefrom 12 to 40 m. The maximum height reaches 42.5 m g. Suatbaytau. The crestof the Inder salt dome is composed of Low Permian sediments rock salt withanhydrite, potassiummagnesium salts, and has an area of about 210 km2.Inder lake’s basin is represented by a tectonic depression, which is the localbasis of erosion and is a drainage place of the Inder uplift karstic water. Thelake area is 150 km2. Depending on the climatic conditions, thewater level can vary.


Space Image; Inder Salt-Dome Uplift; Karst Relief; Exogenous Processes; Karst Processes; Relief Shapes; Basis of Erosion; Automated Deciphering; Vector Layer; Objects Classification; Object Classes; Landscapes Complex; Mapping

Cite this paper

Akhmedenov, K. , Koshym, A. and Zhumabekova, R. 2014 Deciphering of Space Images of the Inder Salt-Dome Upland in ENVI 4.7 Program. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 286-295. doi: 10.4236-ijg.2014.53029.

Autor: K. M. Akhmedenov, A. G. Koshym, R. Z. Zhumabekova



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