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In the existing formalism of quantum states,probability amplitudes of quantum states are complex numbers. A composition of entangledquantum states, such as a Bell state, cannot be decomposed into its constituent quantum states,implying that quantum states lose their identities when they get entangled.This is contrary to the observation that a composition of entangled quantumstates decays back to its constituent quantum states. To eliminate thisdiscrepancy, this paper introduces a new type of numbers, called virtualnumbers, which produce zero upon multiplication with complex numbers.


Quantum Mechanics; Probability Amplitude; Complex Number; Entanglement; Bell State

Cite this paper

Patel, L. 2014 Virtual Numbers to Represent Entangled Quantum States. Journal of Quantum Information Science, 4, 18-21. doi: 10.4236-jqis.2014.41002.

Author: Lalit A. Patel



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