Quantification of Hordeins by ELISA: The Correct Standard Makes a Magnitude of DifferenceReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Coeliacs require a life-long gluten-free diet supported by accurate measurement of gluten hordein in gluten-free food. The gluten-free food industry, with a value in excess of $6 billion in 2011, currently depends on two ELISA protocols calibrated against standards that may not be representative of the sample being assayed.

Aim

The factors affecting the accuracy of ELISA analysis of hordeins in beer were examined.

Results

A simple alcohol-dithiothreitol extraction protocol successfully extracts the majority of hordeins from barley flour and malt. Primary hordein standards were purified by FPLC. ELISA detected different classes of purified hordeins with vastly different sensitivity. The dissociation constant Kd for a given ELISA reaction with different hordeins varied by three orders of magnitude. The Kd of the same hordein determined by ELISA using different antibodies varied by up to two orders of magnitude. The choice of either ELISA kit or hordein standard may bias the results and confound interpretation.

Conclusions

Accurate determination of hordein requires that the hordein standard used to calibrate the ELISA reaction be identical in composition to the hordeins present in the test substance. In practice it is not feasible to isolate a representative hordein standard from each test food. We suggest that mass spectrometry is more reliable than ELISA, as ELISA enumerates only the concentration of particular amino-acid epitopes which may vary between different hordeins and may not be related to the absolute hordein concentration. MS quantification is undertaken using peptides that are specific and unique enabling the quantification of individual hordein isoforms.



Autor: Gregory J. Tanner , Malcolm J. Blundell, Michelle L. Colgrave, Crispin A. Howitt

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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