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Weather andclimate have a double-edged effect on tourism. It can be considered both as alimiting and a developing factor for tourism. In this regard, having access toprecise bio-climatic information can be of high use to enhance the quality oftourism services. This study has evaluated the Bio-climatic conditions of thetourists in Mashhad, a North-Eastern city in Iran, throughthe use of thermo-physiological indicator of physiological equivalenttemperature PET. Studies have been done for the hours of 9:30, 12:30 and21:30 of the local time using the statistical data of the period between 1978and 2007. According to the results, the longest period of climatic-comfort-hoursis around 21:30 mainly in June, July, and August, and the shortest durationof climatic-comfort-hours is around 9:30 sporadically assessed in April, Mayand October. The Bio-climatic conditions during the Nowruz Holidays are onlycomfortable in the evenings. Especially, there is the challenge of cold stressin the mornings and more specifically, at nights. However, the best conditionof the whole assessed times in summer holidays that is June 22nd to September 23rd is at 21:30. Summer days are not ideal fortourism due to the heat stress. The daily change of PET index shows a Gaussiancurve, the peak of which indicative of too much heat stress shows July, andnon-stress condition can be seen on both sides of this curve.

KEYWORDS

Bio-Climate; Climate-Comfort; Nowruz Holidays; Mashhad

Cite this paper

R. Esmaili and G. Ghalhari -An Assessment of Bioclimatic Conditions for Tourists—A Case Study of Mashhad, Iran,- Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 137-146. doi: 10.4236-acs.2014.41016.





Autor: Reza Esmaili, Gholamabbas Fallah Ghalhari

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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