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Journal of Dalmatian archaeology and history, Vol.104 No.1 November 2011. -

In 42 BC, Caesar was deified by decision of the Senate, thereby

becoming the first Roman to be posthumously worshipped as a

god. Reverence for the cult of the Divine Julius Divus Iulius also

incorporated the Dea Roma, the personification of the Roman

Republic. Octavian saw the value of Caesar’s deification as a validation

of this own strength, while the appearance of a comet sidus Iulium

during Caesar’s funeral games was interpreted as the spirit of the

Divine Caesar. Despite the decree issued by Augustus to include

Roma in the cult, ancient writers left this goddess out of their works,

probably deeming her role secondary, ascribing the entire matter to

reverence for the emperor. In the Roman Empire’s western provinces

there had been no earlier tradition of worship for the goddess Roma

as in the Greek lands, and the goddess appeared generally as a symbol

of the entire Roman Empire. Reverence for the cult of the goddess

Roma was organized as part of the imperial cult, and the earliest

temple in Croatia’s territory was constructed in the colony of Pola.

Archaeological remains from Oneum, Aequum, the municipium of

Bistuensium, and Doclea testify to organized reverence for her cult in

the territory of the Roman province of Dalmati

Dea Roma; Pola; Oneum; Aequum; Doclea; municipium Bistuensium; sacerdos; flamen; sexvir; Augustales



Autor: Ivana Jadrić-Kučan -

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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