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Croatian medical journal, Vol.52 No.5 October 2011. -

Aim To gain an initial perspective of mental health issues

facing the Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV-positive

population at the University Hospital Center of Tirana

UHCT HIV-AIDS Ambulatory Clinic.

Methods From June-August 2009, we conducted semistructured

interviews with 79 patients 93% response rate

at the UHCT HIV-AIDS Ambulatory Clinic. The interviews

assessed patient-reported histories of mental health diagnoses,

patients’ demographics, and current emotional

health status.

Results The percentage of patients who reported a history

of diagnosis of depression or anxiety was high – 62.3%

and 82.3%, respectively. Factors associated with a history

of depression included having been diagnosed with anxiety

P < 0.001, having a higher number of barriers to care

P < 0.001, having a higher number of current medical and

social needs P < 0.001, or having not obtained antiretroviral

therapy ART abroad P = 0.004. Factors associated

with a history of anxiety included having been on firstline

ART P = 0.008, having been diagnosed with HIV for

shorter periods of time P = 0.043, having been diagnosed

with depression P < 0.001, having a higher number of current

medical and social needs P = 0.035, or having not obtained

ART abroad P = 0.003.

Conclusions Mental health problems are widespread

among the known HIV-positive patient population in Albania.

The high prevalences of anxiety and depression

and of dual diagnoses of these conditions suggest the

need for more mental health care for HIV-positive patients

in Albania.

mental health; depression; anxiety; HIV; Albania; South Eastern Europe



Autor: Shane D. Morrison - ; Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine Stanford, CA, USA Vilson H. Banushi - ; De

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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