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The increase in thevariety of food choices influences the eating patterns of older adults, whichis in turn increases the occurrence of obesity. This study aimed at identifyingeating patterns and their association with obesity in a representative sampleof older adults living in an urban area and registered in the basic health unitin the city of Botucatu, S?o Paulo, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study anddata collection took place from March to June of 2011 through the applicationof a validated food frequency questionnaire for older adults, a socio-demographicsurvey and an anthropometric evaluation. Eating patterns were identifiedthrough principal component analysis. Scores of individual consumption weredivided in tertiles, characterizing as low, moderate or high adherence of theindividuals to each pattern. Logistic regression models were fitted for theoutcomes -general obesity- and -abdominal obesity- and the tertiles of consumptionadjusting by sociodemographic variables. Six eating patterns were identified:Healthy foods, Snacks and weekend meals, Fruits, Light and whole foods, Milddiet and Traditional diet. It was found that the adherence to healthy foodsis protective against obesity as well as adherence of snacks and weekend mealsare risk of obesity. Eating patterns and their recognized influence onobesity comprise an issue that deserves continuous attention in order toevaluate collectively the eating profile, and develop specific nutritionalguidelines for older adults.

KEYWORDS

Eating Patterns; General Obesity; Older Adults

Cite this paper

Ferreira, P. , Papini, S. and Corrente, J. 2013 Diversity of eating patterns and obesity in older adults—A new challenge. Health, 5, 23-28. doi: 10.4236-health.2013.58A3004.





Autor: Patricia Moraes Ferreira, Silvia Justina Papini, José Eduardo Corrente

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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