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Life Cycle Assessment LCA is ananalytical tool used for the environmental optimization of products andservices within the entirety of its life cycle. ISO 14040 recommends use of the technique innumerous areas of environmental management such as in designing for theenvironment, eco-labelling, environmental communications and the assessment ofthe effects of environmental activities. Despite being theoretically feasible,certain applications of the ecological assessment of a life cycle such as thepossibility of identification and evaluation of environmental aspects with theuse of LCA are, in practice, still new to many environmental managers. With itsstrong points, the technique seems to be a valuable tool, especially in thecontext of apparent concepts of Product-Oriented Environmental Management SystemsPOEMS. In order to verify the hypothesis, the author decided to verify thelevel of use of LCA in the area of identification and assessment ofenvironmental aspects in selected organizations. Therefore, questionnaireinterviews were conducted with representatives of selected Polish and Swedishenterprises who, at the time of the interview, had certified environmentalmanagement systems. The organizations were analyzed with respect to appliedmethods and techniques used for identification and assessment of environmentalaspects as well as the degree of use of LCA both in this respect and in otherareas of environmental management. This paper will present the results of thisresearch and conclusions.

KEYWORDS

Environmental Management System; Life Cycle Assessment; ISO 14001; Environmental Aspects; Identification; Assessment

Cite this paper

K. Joachimiak-Lechman -LCA in Environmental Management Systems—Results of Individual Interviews with Selected Enterprises from Poland and Sweden,- Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 694-700. doi: 10.4236-jep.2013.47080.





Autor: Katarzyna Joachimiak-Lechman

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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