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Analytical cross-sectionalstudy was conducted in Mandalay, Myanmar to identify high risk sexual behavior,knowledge and attituderegarding HIV-AIDS and prevention practice related to HIV-AIDS among maleworkers in factories manufacturing alcohol. Participants included male workersn = 219 from 10 alcohol factories in Industrial Zone A. Data were collectedthrough face to face interviews using pretested structured questionnaire.Results showed that 38.8% of the respondents were able to get discount to buyalcohol from their factory, and 70.3% of them consumed alcohol in the last 12months. Regarding high risk sexual behavior, 38.4% of the respondents hadintercourse with a casual partner of opposite gender, while 31.5% hadintercourse with commercial sex workers and 19.2% had homosexual relationshipduring last 12 months. Among the married, 45% had extramarital intercourse.More than 80% of the respondents received HIV-AIDS related information from media and colleagues while 51.1%of them received from NGOs or health education at workplace. Among therespondents who engaged in different high risk sexual behaviors, 50% - 88.9% did not use condom consistentlyand they had significantly lower knowledge about HIV-AIDS. However, theknowledge and attitude regarding HIV-AIDS were not significantly differentbetween the respondents who used condom consistently and those who did not. Thisstudy highlights the need of health education about HIV-AIDS and access to affordable condoms among workers infactories manufacturing alcohol to improve their knowledge, attitude and behavior,as well as to promote consistent condom usage as it is vital for prevention andcontrol of HIV-AIDS.

KEYWORDS

HIV-AIDS; Workers; Mandalay; Myanmar

Cite this paper

K. Maung, H. Soe, N. Than, S. Madan and S. P. -High Risk Behavior, Knowledge and Attitude of HIV-AIDS among Workers in Factories Manufacturing Alcohol in Mandalay, Myanmar,- World Journal of AIDS, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 147-153. doi: 10.4236-wja.2013.32019.





Autor: Khin Thiri Maung, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Simerjit Singh Madan, Senthil Kumar P.

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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