Risk of Maltreatment-Related Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study of Children under Five Years Old Admitted to Hospital with a Head or Neck Injury or FractureReportar como inadecuado




Risk of Maltreatment-Related Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study of Children under Five Years Old Admitted to Hospital with a Head or Neck Injury or Fracture - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Objectives

To determine the predictive value and sensitivity of demographic features and injuries indicators for maltreatment-related codes in hospital discharge records of children admitted with a head or neck injury or fracture.

Methods

Study design: Population-based, cross sectional study. Setting: NHS hospitals in England. Subjects: Children under five years old admitted acutely to hospital with head or neck injury or fracture. Data source: Hospital Episodes Statistics, 1997 to 2009. Main outcome measure: Maltreatment-related injury admissions, defined by ICD10 codes, were used to calculate for each indicator demographic feature and-or type of injury: i the predictive value proportion of injury admissions that were maltreatment-related; ii sensitivity proportion of all maltreatment-related injury admissions with the indicator.

Results

Of 260,294 childhood admissions for fracture or head or neck injury, 3.2% 8,337 were maltreatment-related. With increasing age of the child, the predictive value for maltreatment-related injury declined but sensitivity increased. Half of the maltreatment-related admissions occurred in children older than one year, and 63% occurred in children with head injuries without fractures or intracranial injury.

Conclusions

Highly predictive injuries accounted for very few maltreatment-related admissions. Protocols that focus on high-risk injuries may miss the majority of maltreated children.



Autor: Joseph Jonathan Lee, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Ruth Gilbert

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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