The Political Activities of Dr. Ivo Pilar on the Eve of the Demise of the Habsburg Monarchy 1915-1918Reportar como inadecuado

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PILAR : Croatian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol.I No.22 November 2006. -

On the basis of scholarly literature, archival materials and available newspapers

from the period, the author reconstructs the political activities of Dr. Ivo Pilar

during the final years of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy’s existence. Pilar

thought the -South Slav Question- should be solved in -Croatian terms,- that is

to say the unification of all Croatian lands — Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia and

Bosnia and Hercegovina — in one independent administrative area contained

within the existing dualistic system. Even though he formally remained within

the framework of dualism, he was, in fact, advocating a solution which in its

main outlines was a form of -veiled trialism.- The Hungarian politicians’ rejection

of a solution of the -South Slav Question- in -Croatian terms,- that is, their

attempt to attach Bosnia and Hercegovina to the Hungarian part of the

Monarchy as a -corpus separatum-, caused additional dissatisfaction and deepened

the already serious crisis into which the Monarchy had fallen. Recognizing

that one of the consequences of the World War was going to be the irreversible

disappearance of the time-honoured Habsburg state from the Central European

political stage, Pilar radicalized his position in terms of its internal reform,

proposing that it be transformed — into a federation.

Autor: Zlatko MATIJEVIĆ - ; Croatian Institute for History, Zagreb, Republic of Croatia



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