HIV Case Notification Rates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over the Past Decade 2000–2009Reportar como inadecuado




HIV Case Notification Rates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over the Past Decade 2000–2009 - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Objective

To study trends in HIV case notification rates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Design

A ten year retrospective review of annual HIV case notification returns to the Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods

Annual Registry statistics covering the period 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Annual incidence trends were stratified according to the following demographics: age, nationality, geographical region of residence, gender, and mode of disease acquisition.

Results

10,217 new HIV cases 2,956 in Saudi nationals and 7,261 in non-Saudis were reported. Africans of Sub-Saharan Africa origin accounting for 3,982-7,261 53% of non-Saudi cases constituted: Ethiopians 2,271, Nigerians 1,048, and Sudanese nationals 663. The overall average annual incidence was <4 cases per 100,000; 1.5 cases per 100,000 for Saudis range 0.5–2.5, and 13.2 per 100,000 for non-Saudis range 5.7–19.0. Notifications increased yearly from 2000 for both groups until a plateau was reached in 2006 at 1,390 new cases. Case notification in Saudi nationals increased from 20% in the early 2001 to 40% in 2009. 4% 124-2,956 of cases were reported in Saudi children. The male to female ratio was 1.6∶1 for non-Saudi nationals 43.8% male, 27.3% female and 4.4∶1 for Saudis 23.5% male, 5.4% female.

Conclusions

Whilst the numbers of reported HIV cases have stabilised since 2006, HIV-AIDS remains an important public health problem in KSA, both in migrants and Saudi nationals. HIV transmission to Saudi children is also of concern. Optimization of data collection, surveillance, and pro-active screening for HIV is required.



Autor: Mohammed A. A. l. Mazroa, Ibrahim A. Kabbash, Sanaa M. Felemban, Gwen M. Stephens, Raafat F. Al-Hakeem, Alimuddin I. Zumla, Ziad

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados