Condom Negotiation, HIV Testing, and HIV Risks among Women from Alcohol Serving Venues in Cape Town, South AfricaReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Women in South Africa are at particularly high-risk for HIV infection and are dependent on their male partners- use of condoms for sexual risk reduction. However, many women are afraid to discuss condoms with male partners, placing them at higher risk of HIV infection.

Purpose

To examine the association between fear of condom negotiation with HIV testing and transmission risk behaviors, including alcohol use and sexual risks among South African women.

Method

Women N = 1333 residing in a primarily Xhosa-speaking African township in Cape Town and attending informal alcohol-serving venues shebeens completed anonymous surveys. Logistic regression was used to test the hypothesis that fear of condom negotiation would be associated with increased risk for HIV.

Results

Compared to women who did not fear condom negotiation, those who did were significantly less likely to have been tested for HIV, were more likely to have experienced relationship abuse, and to report more alcohol use and more unprotected sex.

Conclusions

For women in South Africa, fear of condom negotiation is related to higher risk of HIV. HIV prevention efforts, including targeted HIV counseling and testing, must directly address gender issues.



Autor: Eileen V. Pitpitan , Seth C. Kalichman, Demetria Cain, Lisa A. Eaton, Kate B. Carey, Michael P. Carey, Ofer Harel, Leickness C. S

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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