A 10-Year Experience in the Treatment of Intraabdominal Cerebrospinal Fluid PseudocystsReport as inadecuate

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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.34 No.4 December 2010. -

The aim of this retrospective study was to assess a ten-year experience in the treatment of rare complications of ventriculoperitoneal shunting – intraabdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocysts. At this time there are no data about incidence, clinical course and treatment of these complications in Croatia. Cerebrospinal fluid CSF abdominal pseudocyst is an uncommon but important complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Retrospective data were obtained from 5 children with abdominal CSF pseudocysts, treated between 1996 and 2007. The incidence of intraabdominal CSF pseudocysts in our study is 2.9%. All patients were girls ranged in age from 4 to 12 years old mean 8.8 years. In most cases etiology of hydrocephalus was congenital, idiopathic. Abdominal pain and distension were the most frequent clinical finding 4-5. Although infection has been reported as responsible for pseudocyst formation, we did not found it in our series. Laparotomy with cyst wall excision and catheter replacement was performed in 2-5 cases, and only cyst fluid aspiration with catheter replacement in 3-5 cases. Recurrence of the abdominal cyst was observed in one girl who was in terminal stadium of anaplastic ependymoma. It is our opinion that only catheter replacement and cyst fluid evacuation, as one of the treatment modalities, may be successful, even in large CSF intraperitoneal pseudocysts.

hydrocephalus; CSF pseudocyst; ventriculoperitoneal shunt

Author: Franjo Bartolek - Mirko Žganjer - Anto Pajić - Ante Čizmić - Antun Kljenak - Irenej Cigit - Andrija Car - Jasminka Stepan - D

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/


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