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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.34 No.4 December 2010. -

The physiological reactions of the body in scuba diving situation can be simulated in a pressure chamber by increasing the ambient pressure. In this study the influence of a hyperbaric environment of 6 bar on the changes of the subcutaneous adipose tissue SAT thicknesses on different body sites in 68 voluntary men with undersea diving experience was investigated. Measurements of SAT-Topography SAT-Top were performed with the optical device Lipometer before and after hyperbaric exposure. We observed a significant increase of the SAT-layers of the upper body zones, upper abdomen +24.5%, lower abdomen +21% and front chest +19% after hyperbaric exposure. This increase of volume can be assumed to the nitrogen accumulation in fat cells at increased ambient pressures. In conclusion we describe for the first time in detail the influence of a hyperbaric environment on quantitative and topographic changes of SAT.

hyperbaric exposure; body fat distribution; lipometer



Autor: Reinhard Möller - Renate Horejsi - Erwin Tafeit - Michaela Fraidl - Gabriele Dietmaier - Udo Anegg - Huberta Klemen - Sandra Wal

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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