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Introduction: In thisstudy we examined the early results of coronary artery bypass surgery in our femalepatients and compared them with those of our male patients. Material andMethods: One thousand and ninety four patients who underwent coronary arterybypass surgery between January 2009 and December 2011 inour clinic were included into this study.Three hundred and thirteen female patients group 1 were compared to 781 malepatients group 2. Results: The mean age of group 1 was 61.4 ± 9.6, and themean age of group 2 was 58.1 ± 9.6 p < 0.001. The ratio of diabetesmellitus and hypertension in group 1 was higher than that of group 2 p < 0.001.There were no significant difference between two groups when compared regardingthe need for inotropics after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, cross clampand total cardiopulmonary bypass periods p > 0.05. It was found that theamount of drainage was higher in group 1 than group 2 p < 0.001. There wasno significant difference between two groups when compared in terms ofmortality, re-operation because of bleeding, postoperative atrialfibrillation, need for intraaortic balloon pump, usage of levosimendan,cerebrovascular accident, chronic renal failure, discharging intervals and periodin intensive care unit. It was found that sternal wound infection was higherin group 1 than group 2 p < 0.05. Conclusion: We consider that female genderdoes not put an additional risk to increase mortality and morbidity in coronaryartery bypass surgery.


Female; Mortality; Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Cite this paper

Cakir, H. , Uncu, H. , Gur, O. , Acipayam, M. , Yurekli, I. and Ibrahim, O. 2013 Is coronary artery bypass surgery riskier in female?. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 46-48. doi: 10.4236-wjcd.2013.31010.

Author: Habib Cakir, Hasan Uncu, Ozcan Gur, Mehmet Acipayam, Ismail Yurekli, Ozsoyler Ibrahim



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