Altered A-to-I RNA Editing in Human EmbryogenesisReportar como inadecuado




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Post-transcriptional events play an important role in human development. The question arises as to whether Adenosine to Inosine RNA editing, catalyzed by the ADAR Adenosine Deaminase acting on RNA enzymes, differs in human embryogenesis and in adulthood. We tested the editing of various target genes in coding FLNA, BLCAP, CYFIP2 and non-coding sequences at their Alu elements BRCA1, CARD11, RBBP9, MDM4, FNACC, as well as the transcriptional levels of the ADAR1 enzymes. This analysis was performed on five fetal and adult human tissues: brain, heart, liver, kidney, and spleen, as well as on human embryonic stem cells hESCs, which represent the blastocyst stage in early human development. Our results show substantially greater editing activity for most adult tissue samples relative to fetal ones, in six of the eight genes tested. To test the effect of reduced A-to-I RNA editing activity in early human development we used human embryonic stem cells hESCs as a model and tried to generate hESC clones that overexpress the ADAR1–p110 isoform. We were unable to achieve overexpression of ADAR1–p110 by either transfection or lentiviral infection, though we easily generated hESC clones that expressed the GFP transgene and overexpressed ADAR1-p110 in 293T cells and in primary human foreskin fibroblast HFF cells. Moreover, in contrast to the expected overexpression of ADAR1-p110 protein following its introduction into hESCs, the expression levels of this protein decreased dramatically 24–48 hr post infection. Similar results were obtained when we tried to overexpress ADAR1-p110 in pluripotent embryonal carcinoma cells. This suggests that ADAR1 protein is substantially regulated in undifferentiated pluripotent hESCs. Overall, our data suggest that A-to-I RNA editing plays a critical role during early human development.



Autor: Ronit Shtrichman , Igal Germanguz , Rachel Mandel, Anna Ziskind, Irit Nahor, Michal Safran, Sivan Osenberg, Ofra Sherf, Gideon Re

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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