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Physical model of self-sustained infrasonic air oscillations related to interaction of fresh gale with choppy sea surface is proposed. It is shown that air infrasonic oscillations are expected inside moving 3D cavities in sea surface generated by gale and detected far from its region. Interaction of wind with moving sea wave crests is shown to be of weaker impact on oscillations in far field. For wind velocity in the range from 10 to 40 m-s deepest cavities acquire resonance frequencies in the range of 3.0 - 0.7 Hz, i.e. frequencies much lower than their quarter wavelength resonance frequencies. In the course of oscillations effective wind velocity applied to cavities can achieve value from 0.4 to 0.6 of wind velocity, while air self-sustained oscillations velocity amplitude can run up in the range from 0.2 to 0.3 of wind velocity. Wind intensification leads to oscillations frequency decrease and oscillation energy losses increase with wind velocity cubed. Cavities natural frequencies are transformed due to air attached mass and volume elasticity additional transformation under wind influence in the range from 1.05 to 1.9 with respect to resonance frequencies at rest. Amplitude of self-sustained oscillation in atmosphere is expected to increase with wind velocity cubed, while cavity air oscillation velocity-linear with wind velocity. Wind velocity threshold of an order of 25 - 30 m-s overcome is necessary to observe effect. Spectral peaks on resonance frequencies in the range 0.7 - 2.5 Hz are expected in effect observation. Infrasonic signals observable far from whole gale in atmosphere, sea water thickness and earth crust on self-sustained oscillation frequency and its harmonics frequencies beginning from third harmonic 2.1 - 7.5 Hz are regarded as phenomenon signs.


Infrasound; Sea Surface-Atmosphere Interaction; Whole Gale; Wind Velocity; Oscillation Frequency; Sea Noise; Self-Sustained Oscillations

Cite this paper

A. Semenov -On -Voice of Sea- Generation Mechanism,- International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 116-128. doi: 10.4236-ijg.2013.41012.

Author: Andrew G. Semenov

Source: http://www.scirp.org/


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