17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 14 Is a Predictive Marker for Tamoxifen Response in Oestrogen Receptor Positive Breast CancerReportar como inadecuado




17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 14 Is a Predictive Marker for Tamoxifen Response in Oestrogen Receptor Positive Breast Cancer - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Introduction

17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases 17βHSDs are important enzymes regulating the pool of bioactive steroids in the breast. The current study was undertaken in order to evaluate implications of 17βHSD14 in breast cancer, measuring 17βHSD14 protein expression in breast tumours.

Methods

An antibody targeting the 17βHSD14 antigen was generated and validated using HSD17B14-transfected cells and a peptide-neutralising assay. Tissue microarrays with tumours from 912 post-menopausal women diagnosed with lymph node-negative breast cancer, and randomised to adjuvant tamoxifen or no endocrine treatment, were analysed for 17βHSD14 protein expression with immunohistochemistry.

Results

Results were obtained from 847 tumours. Patients with oestrogen positive tumours with high 17βHSD14 expression had fewer local recurrences when treated with tamoxifen HR 0.38; 95% C.I. 0.19–0.77, p = 0.007 compared to patients with lower tumoural 17βHSD14 expression, for whom tamoxifen did not reduce the number of local recurrences HR 1.19; 95% C.I. 0.54–2.59; p = 0.66. No prognostic importance of 17βHSD14 was seen for systemically untreated patients.

Conclusions

Using a highly specific validated antibody for immunohistochemical analysis of a large number of breast tumours, we have shown that tumoural expression levels of 17βHSD14 can predict the outcome of adjuvant tamoxifen treatment in terms of local recurrence-free survival in patients with lymph node-negative ER+ breast cancer. The results need be verified to confirm any clinical relevance.



Autor: Tove Sivik , Cecilia Gunnarsson, Tommy Fornander, Bo Nordenskjöld, Lambert Skoog, Olle Stål, Agneta Jansson

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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