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Desarrollo y Sociedad 2011, 68

Autor: Luis Felipe Zegarra

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/


Desarrollo y Sociedad ISSN: 0120-3584 revistadesarrolloysociedad@uniandes.edu.co Universidad de Los Andes Colombia Zegarra, Luis Felipe Railroads in Peru: How Important Were They? Desarrollo y Sociedad, núm.
68, diciembre, 2011, pp.
213-259 Universidad de Los Andes Bogotá, Colombia Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=169122461007 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad 68 II semestre 2011 Railroads in Peru: How Important Were They? Ferrocarriles en el Perú: ¿Qué tan importantes fueron? Luis Felipe Zegarra* Abstract This paper analyzes the evolution and main features of the railway system of Peru in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
From mid-19th century railroads were considered a promise for achieving progress. Several railroads were then built in Peru, especially in 1850-75 and in 1910-30.
With the construction of railroads, Peruvians saved time in travelling and carrying freight.
The faster service of railroads did not necessarily come at the cost of higher passenger fares and freight rates. Fares and rates were lower for railroads than for mules, especially for long distances.
However, for some routes (especially for short distances with many curves), the traditional system of llamas remained as the lowest pecuniary cost (but also slowest) mode of transportation. Key words: Transportation, railroads, Peru, Latin America. jel classification: N70, N76, R40. * Luis Felipe Zegarra is PhD in Economics of University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). He is currently Professor of Economics of CENTRUM Católica, the Business School of Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP).
Contact to lfzegarrab@pucp.edu.pe.
The author thanks the assistance of the ...

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